Trincadeira, Aragonêz, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional, Syrah and Castelão.
White varieties include
Antão Vaz, Arinto and Fernão Pires. More recently, some vines were top-grafted with Verdelho, a hugely popular grape in Mouchão at the turn of the C19th.
Vineyards are shoot-thinned in April/May and bunch-thinned in July, as required. No residual herbicides are used and systemic compounds are avoided whenever possible. Most treatments are copper or sulphur-based. Selected vineyards at Mouchão are irrigated, but vines are only offered water in exceptionally dry years. Vine roots are encouraged to scavenge at depth.
Vineyards and cork trees, a natural coexistence at Mouchão.
An Alentejo Perspective
Alicante Bouschet thrives in hot, dry growing condition; at Mouchão a wet winter is often indicative of a quality harvest. Soils should be relatively fertile, deep and always well-drained. Showers in late spring can provoke significant bunch losses from downy mildew. Harvest dates are medium-to-late and not as early as suggested by much of the literature, if proper maturation is to be achieved.